The article argues against the new trends toward international criminal jurisdiction in what I narrowly construe as "domestic" violations of human rights. The argument is largely based on a particular role of punishment which it links to the notion of community. The former consists in viewing the criminal sanction as a means of equalizing perpetrators and their victims to whom punishment restores dignity and self-respect. This process, the article claims, can only be fully achieved through minimally authoritative courts whose judges belong to the community where the crimes were committed.
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