A defendant who attempts a crime may have a similar moral status to a defendant who completes the same crime. This paper seeks to show that there are nonmoral differences between such defendants that may be relevant to sentencing, notwithstanding the primary role of (moral) proportionality in determining relative sentences. A particularly significant nonmoral difference is seen in the effects experienced by defendants depending on whether their criminal acts succeed or fail. It will be argued that for murder/attempted murder, the disparity in likely effects could be regarded as significant enough to require wholly different sentencing considerations for the respective offenses.
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